Primary Sources for Poverty Interventions
Primary sources are either created during the time period being studied or created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied. They reflect the viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what happened during an historical event or time period.
The following (free) sources may be used to locate poverty interventions from International, Foreign National, and U.S State & Local Governments, as well as Nongovernmental Organizations. Some sources may be limited to information and analysis about poverty iniatives, goals and strategies, rather than reports of specific interventions.
In addition there are some databases (see below) that contain collections of reports and documents from governments, international organizations, and NGOs, in addition to journal articles, books, and books chapters.
Many microcredit and development institutions (e.g. BRAC, Grameen, and ASA) are described in depth in Poverty Capital. To find additional institutions you may also search on directory sites such as the Microfinance Gateway or the Grameen Trust Replication Program.
Primary Source Databases
allAfrica.com. Contains over 700,000 articles from 120 news publications throughout Africa. Also includes press releases and documents from 200 governments and non-governmental organizations in and outside of Africa. 30% of articles are in French
CIAO (Columbia International Affairs Online). Indexes journals, books, policy briefs, working papers, and conference proceedings from research institutes worldwide related to international affairs analysis and advocacy materials. Also includes links to international affairs Internet sources.
PAIS International. Indexes books, journals, government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference reports, and web sources related to public policy, politics, economics, and social issues worldwide. Includes publications from over 120 countries. Some of the indexed materials are published in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish. The Archive covers English-language material only.
PolicyFile. Index to public policy in the areas of economics, politics, the environment, and social issues, taken from reports from a wide range of think tanks, Non-governmental organizations, international governmental organizations, and other institutions worldwide
International Development & Relief Organizations
To get started finding International Governmental Organization (IGO) Information you may wish to try the following IGO Custom Search Engine, which was initiated by David Oldenkamp, International Documents Librarian at Indiana University, and searches 392 urls of International Governmental Organizations (IGOs).
Global Issues on the UN Agenda. UN Reference tool for links to online documents, agencies, and other resources on a wide range of important topics on the UN Agenda.
European Union Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO). Humanitarian aid office of the European Union. Site includes lists of publications and decisions.
Human Development Report Library. The web site includes the UNDP flagship publication the Human Development Report, as well as national human development reports from over 250 countries and regions.
Relief Web. Web portal from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Hails itself as "the world's leading gateway to information on humanitarian emergencies and disasters."
Rural Poverty Portal. Portal from the International Fund for Agricultural development on a wide range of poverty issues, country reports and development strategies, from international agencies world wide, including development banks and other international organizations.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). United Nations children's agency. Provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries
United Nations Office for Project Services. Works to implementing projects for the United Nations System, international financial institutions, governments and other partners in the aid world.
UN Habitat. United Nations agency for human settlements mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The United Nations Refugee Agency. Includes many online books, papers and statistics.
International & Regional Financial Institutions
Asian Development Bank. Information on loans, investment, and technical assistance for a broad range of Asian development projects.
African Development Bank. Regional development Bank for Africa. See also their flagship publication African Development Review.
Caribbean Development Bank. Regional financial and economic development institution for the Caribbean.
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Development bank to provide project financing for Easterm Europe and Central Asia.
InterAmerican Development Bank. Regional development bank focusing on economic development and technical cooperation projects for Latin America. See also IDB America.
International Monetary Fund
- Article IV Staff Reports. Country "surveillance reports" conducted by IMF missions teams on an ongoing basis for all member states, and reports made in response to states' requests to borrow funds. Not all reports are made public.
- Country Reports. Rich source of information by country: see especially the statistical appendices.
- IMF Country Policy Intention Documents. IMF documents prepared by countries outlining policy intentions for use of Fund resources or staff-monitored programs.
Islamic Development Bank. Largest multilateral development institution in the Middle East, located in Saudi Arabia.
OECD iLibrary. Online library from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) an international economic organisation and leading international organization for foreign aid (development assistance) data.
- Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers. Also includes Joint Staff advisory Notes and Joint Staff Assessments.
- World Bank & Poverty Reduction. Gateway to World Bank Poverty measurement, analysis and reduction strategies. Includes topical and country listings as well as data on poverty and inequality.
- World Bank E-library (UCB Access Only). Database of full-text World Bank publications from 1993. See also the new (free) Open Knowledge Repository.
- World Bank Country Papers. Web portal of World Bank publications by country. See also the World Bank Country Study series of reports.
- World Bank Project Documents. Full-text of World Bank project reports, including evaluation reports, working papers, and project appraisals.
NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
The amount of information on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) on the Internet is large so locating NGO information by subject or geography can be difficult. The following links and the NGO search engine below may help.
NGO Custom Search Engine
This search engine was developed by David Oldenkamp at Indiana University and James Jacobs at Stanford. The site seaches NGOs with Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council and other NGO directories on the Internet.
Directory of Development Organizations. Over 47,000 organizations of all kinds listed by region and country. One of the most extensive compilation of NGO country directories.
Idealist.Org. Includes a searchable directory of over 52,000 organizations by name, mission, country of focus, and more.
Non-Governmental Organizations Research Guide (Duke University). Guide enabling users to browse NGOs by issue, region, and affiliation.
TakingITGlobal. International non-profit organization centered on young people interested in connecting across cultures. Outstanding source of NGO information by country and area of focus. Go to browse organizations.
Foreign National Governments
The UC Berkeley libraries continue to collect foreign government information on a large scale. We have strong collections for Africa, Latin America, South Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
Africa South of the Sahara. One of the most comprehensive web portals for Sub-saharan Africa. Fully searchable and browseable by topic (e.g. environment, human rights) and by country/region.
Foreign/International Governments Custom Search. Collection of Google custom search engines from Carleton University Library, including Asia & the Pacific, Latin America, & the Middle East. Includes a mix of sites from international agencies, news services, and NGOs.
Foreign Government Information by Country. Very nicely organized directory of government sites from the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Government in Latin America - Provides links to regional organizations and government information by country. Information Includes: constitutions, presidential messages, central bank reports, and other official documents. From the University of Texas Latin American Information Center (UT Lanic).
United States Federal, State & Local Governments
Govscan. Google Custom search engine that searches state and local government websites. Search the entire web site or limit by state.
ProQuest Congressional. One-stop shopping for U.S. congressional publications. Provides indexing and abstracts of congressional publications back to 1789, including full text of published Congressional Hearings, full text Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports from 1916-present and more.
USA.gov. Official United States Government web portal, with specialized “gateways” for citizens, business and government employees.
USAID Documents. Online resource for USAID international development, with thousands documents available for download. Database is browseable by country and by subject.
United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Standing committee of the US House of Representatives with jurisdiction over related to the foreign affairs of the United States. Occassionally holds congressional hearings relating to poverty and development aid.
U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants (Green Book). Loans and grants from the US government each fiscal year by purpose and country.